Home > Books > Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials
Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials
View PDF

Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Publication Year: 2007
Edition: 3rd
Authors/Editor: Elwood, Mark
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
ISBN: 978-0-199-21825-7
  • Description
  • Details

This book presents a logical system of critical appraisal, to allow readers to evaluate studies and to carry out their own studies more effectively. This system emphasizes the central importance of cause and effect relationships; its great strength is that it is applicable to a wide range of issues, and both to intervention trials and observational studies.

The logical system presented in this volume unifies the often different approaches used in epidemiology, health services research, clinical trials, and evidence-based medicine, starting from a logical consideration of cause and effect. The author's approach to the issues of study design, selection of subjects, bias, confounding, and the place of statistical methods has been praised for its clarity and interest. Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, and the applications of this logic to evidence-based medicine, knowledge-based health care, and health practice and policy are discussed. Current and often controversial examples are used, including screening for prostate cancer, publication bias in psychiatry, public health issues in developing countries, and conflicts between observational studies and randomized trials. Statistical issues are explained clearly without complex mathematics, and the most useful methods are summarized in the appendix.

The final chapters give six applications of the critical appraisal of major studies; randomized trials of medical treatment and prevention, a prospective and a retrospective cohort study, a small matched case-control study, and a large case-control study. In these chapters, sections of the original papers are reproduced and the original studies places in context by a summary of current developments.

  • Platform:
    Ovid
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
  • Product Type: Book
  • Author/Editor: Elwood, Mark
  • ISBN: 978-0-199-21825-7
  • Specialty:
    Epidemiology
  • Language: English
  • Edition: 3rd
  • Pages: 584
  • Illustrations: 44
  • Year: 2007

Free Instant Access
This Month

JOTM
Biomedical Research Grants—UberResearch NEW! UberResearch is a searchable database of awarded research funding that includes more than 600,000 indexed records. And now it's available on the Ovid® platform!
JOTM
The Philosopher's Index The Philosopher's Index is a bibliographic database with informative author-written abstracts covering scholarly research in the fifteen fields of philosophy, published in journals and books since 1940.
JOTM
Evidence-Based Practice Evidence-Based Practice is a quarterly journal focused on topics relevant to the daily practice of family medicine and includes content addressing timely and pertinent questions related to patient care.
JOTM
Stroke An official journal of the American Heart Association, Stroke publishes reports of clinical and basic investigation of any aspect of the cerebral circulation and its diseases from many disciplines.

Noteworthy

Doody's Featured Books
Shields' General Thoracic Surgery, 8th Edition
Your #1 resource for comprehensive coverage of both open and endoscopic surgical techniques, with commentary from more than 150 global experts in the field.

The Washington Manual of Echocardiography, 2nd Edition
Essential information you need to successfully perform and read echocardiograms, as well as to identify valvular heart disease, cardiac myopathies, and congenital anomalies.